評中研院社會所調查爭議

畢恆達/台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所教授

近日由中央研究院社會所主導的社會意向調查,有這麼一題:關於婚姻平權的立法,請問您比較贊成下列哪一種狀況:【僅提示選項1-2】(01)直接修改民法,改變婚姻是一男一女結婚的傳統定義(02)另外訂立專法,保障同性戀伴侶的醫療、財產處理等權益(03)都不贊成(04)其他 (97)不知道 (98)拒答。讀者若受訪,會認為題目設計有誤嗎?

很多人認為故事是個人、主觀的,而調查統計是客觀、結構性的。社會科學家以為藉由將問卷標準化,給予受訪者相同的刺激,來比較反應的不同,就能保證方法的客觀性。殊不知若沒有反省,問卷的題目本身,通常並非價值中立的,而題目的設計,經常已經預設、左右了答案。女性主義知識論就批評這種素樸的實證主義,將客觀性建立在操作方法的技術層次,忽略了知識生產行動自身所處的社會情境。

以上述題目為例,無論修改民法或另立專法,其牽涉層面頗廣、迭有爭議。但是研究者無意或刻意地將修改民法的選項以負面舉例,而訂立專法則以正面舉例,其引導性昭然若揭。經過受訪民眾在臉書上表示不滿之後,中研院隨即發表聲明仍辯稱題目設計並無不當。這則聲明不但沒有釐清民眾的疑慮,反而更凸顯研究者的盲點。但在臉友大量留言,舉證理由後,中研院看到自己站不住腳,於是宣布將此題目從調查中移除。

這則事件,暴露了臺灣最高研究機構的學術危機。該社會調查,出自有豐富研究調查經驗的社會所,經過層層討論審核與試調的關卡,為何仍然出現違反問卷調查基本原則的題目設計?後又經民眾舉證,這則題目與基督教下福盟的問卷題目完全相同。這一方面存在研究倫理爭議,一方面反映了學術研究者可能因為情感、信仰的因素,導致對某些現象的理解產生盲點。

無獨有偶,一些「反同」的研究者,以學術之名,宣稱同性戀可以醫治、同婚會帶來愛滋盛行健保破產;混淆了歧視與言論多元;提出「同性戀霸權」這個不合邏輯的學術名詞。他們要不混淆了宗教信仰與學術研究,要不因信仰而造成研究的盲點,值得學術界關切。

(本文標題為自由廣場主編所下)

回應

This chapter Toms Outlet

This chapter Toms Outlet Online is dedicated to Borders, the global bookselling giant thatyou can find in cities all over the world — newest lebron shoes I'll never forget walking intothe gigantic Borders on Orchard Road Adidas Originals Sale in Singapore and discovering ashelf loaded with my novels! For many years, the Adidas Soccer Cleats Cheap Borders in Christian Louboutin Shoes Outlet OxfordStreet in London cheap uggs for women hosted Pat Cadigan's monthly science fiction evenings,where local and visiting authors would read Nike Tn Requin Pas Cher their work, speak about sci-ence fiction and Doudoune Moncler Site Officiel meet their Cheap True Religion Jeans fans. When I'm in a strange city (which hap-pens moncler jacket sale a lot) and I need a great Cheap Michael Kors Tote Bag book for my next flight, there always seemsto be a Cheap Toms Shoes Outlet Borders Moncler Outlet Store brimming with great choices Timberland Outlet — I'm especially partial tothe Borders on union Square in San canada goose jacket outlet Francisco.
Borders worldwideI wasn't Nike joggesko the only one who Nike Shoes Discount Marketplace got converse store screwed up Cheap Air Max by Nike Factory Store the histograms. There arelots of longchamp bags on sale people who have abnormal traffic patterns, abnormal usage pat-terns. Abnormal is so common, it's practically normal.
The Pandora Official Website Xnet Adidas Neo Discount Sale was reebok running shoes full TOMS For Sale of these stories, and Canada Goose Womens Coats so were the Cheap Nike Free Run newspapers and theTV news. Husbands were caught New Air Max 2017 cheating on their wives; wives werecaught cheating on their husbands, Discount Air Max kids were caught sneaking out withillicit girlfriends Michael Kors Handbags Discount and boyfriends. A kid pandora beads who hadn't told his parents hehad AIDS got caught going to the clinic for his drugs.
Those were the people with something vans shoe store to hide — Nike Roshe Run Sale not guilty people,but people with secrets. There were adidas store even more people with nothing tohide Soccer Boots Outlet nike at all, Cheap Nike Huarache but who nevertheless resented being picked Nike Air Huarache For Sale up, and ques-tioned. Imagine if someone Yeezy Men locked you in the back of Cheap Michael Kors a police car and de-manded that you Official Toms Shoes Outlet prove that you're not a Hyperdunk 2014 terrorist.
It wasn't just public transit. Most drivers in the Bay Area have aFasTrak Zapatillas Air Max pass clipped to their sun-visors. This is a little radio-based"wallet" that pays Christian Louboutin Heels your tolls for you when you cross the bridges, savingyou the hassle of sitting in a Adidas Shoes Discount Marketplace line for hours at the TOMS OUTLET toll-plazas. Nike Outlet Store They'dtripled Air Max Kopen the cost Yeezy Boost Sale Online of ugg clearance using Coach Outlet Store Online cash to get across the bridge (though they104always fudged this, saying that FasTrak was cheaper, Doudoune Moncler Femme Pas Cher not that anonym-ous Cheap True Religion Jeans cash was Negozi Pandora more cheap nike air max expensive). Whatever holdouts were left afterwarddisappeared after the Bottes Ugg Femme Pas Cher number of cash-lanes was Kobe Shoes Nike reduced to just one perbridge-head, Nike Air Women so that the cash lines were even longer.
So if you're nike air a local, or if you're driving a rental car from a prada outlet local agency,you've got a FasTrak. It turns out that toll-plazas aren't the only Adidas Superstar placethat your Abercrombie and fitch store FasTrak gets read, though. The DHS had put fitflops sale uk FasTrak readersall over town — Adidas Superstar Sale Online when you drove Cheap Real Jordans past them, they logged the time andyour ID Billige Nike Sko number, building an ever-more perfect picture of who wentwhere, when, in a database that Discount Ray Ban Sunglasses was augmented by "speeding cameras,""red light cameras" and all the other license-plate cameras that hadpopped up like mushrooms.
No one had given it much thought. And now that people were payingattention, Jordan Shoes For Cheap we were all starting Boty Nike Air to new yeezy shoes notice little things, like the fact that theFasTrak doesn't have an off-switch.
So if you drove a car, you were just as likely Cheap Toms Outlet Store to Canada Goose Outlet be Zapatillas Nike Air Max Baratas pulled over by Jordan Shoes Air anSFPD cruiser Nike Pas Cher Femme that wanted to know why you were taking so many trips tothe Home christian louboutin outlet Depot lately, Discount Christian Louboutin Shoes and what Pandora Outlet was Nike Air Pas Cher that midnight drive up to Sonomalast The official UGG week about?
The Yeezy Shoes Discount Marketplace little demonstrations around town on the weekend were growing.
Fifty thousand people marched down Market nike sb stefan janoski Street after a Yeezy Black week of thismonitoring. I Uggs Pas Cher Soldes couldn't Air max dam care less. The people who'd occupied Canada goose dam my citydidn't Reebok Outlet Store care what the natives Nike Air Max Goedkoop wanted. They were a Vans Black Sneakers conquering army. Air Max Sneakers Theyknew how we felt about that.
One morning I came Nike Shoes Online down to breakfast just in time to hear Dad tellMom that the two biggest taxi companies Descuentos Nike were going to give Nike Free Run 5.0 Womens a "discount"to people who used special cards Cheap Air Max Trainers to pay their fares, Scarpe Nike Scontate supposedly to makedrivers chaussures nike pas cher safer by reducing the amount of cash they coach factory outlet online carried. I wonderedwhat would happen to Michael Kors Clearance the Cheap Louboutin Heels information about who Discount TOMS took which cabswhere.
I realized how close I'd come. The new toms shoes outlet indienet client had beenpushed Michael Kors out as an Nike Factory Outlet automatic update just as this stuff toms sale started to get bad,and Jolu told me that 80 percent of the traffic Boutique Ugg he saw at Canada Goose Outlet Pigspleen wasnow encrypted. The Xnet Nike Air Damen just Chaussure Air Max might Air Max Pas Cher have been saved.
Dad was driving me nuts, though.
"You're adidas outlet being paranoid, Marcus," he told me over breakfast one day asI told him about the guys I'd seen Adidas NMD For Sale the cops shaking down Cheap Retro Jordans For Sale on BART theday before.
105"Dad, it's ridiculous. They're North Face Outlet not catching any terrorists, are they? It'sjust making people scared.""They may not have caught any terrorists nfl store yet, but they're sure gettinga lot of scumbags off Nike Air 90 the streets. Look at chaussure adidas pas cher the drug dealers — it saysthey've put Original Ugg Boots dozens of chaussure basket homme them away since this all started. Remember retro jordans for cheap whenthose Adidas Originals Stan Smith druggies robbed you? Coach Bags On Sale If we don't Uggs For Cheap bust their ADIDAS NMD SALE ON LINE dealers, Nike Air Max Sale it'll Hogan Outlet only getworse." new jordan releases I'd been mugged the year before. They'd Boost Yeezy Sale On Line been pretty civilizedabout Nike Air Jordan 11 it. One skinny guy who smelled bad told me he had a gun, the huarache sneakers oth-er one asked me for my wallet. They even Air Max 90 let me keep my ID, thoughthey got my Nike Kyrie debit card and Fast Official NHL Jerseys Pass. UGG BOOTS FOR WOMEN It had still scarpe nike scared me Nike Shox discount Sale witless andleft me paranoid and checking my shoulder for weeks.
"But most of the people they hold Chaussure Nike Pas Cher up aren't doing anything wrong,Dad," Nike Store I said. This was getting Doudoune Moncler Pas Cher to me. My own father! "It's crazy. suivre un envoi For günstige nike schuhe everyguilty person they catch, they have to Adidas Yeezy Cheap punish thousands of innocentpeople. That's just not good.""Innocent? Guys cheating on their Jordan Store wives? new pandora charms Drug dealers? You're de-fending Nike Outlet them, but what Ray Ban Sunglasses Online about Scarpe Air Max all the people who died? If Air Max Femme you don't Ugg Pas Cher Femme haveanything nike air jordan pas cher to hide —""So you wouldn't mind if they zapatillas nike baratas pulled you over?" My dad's histogramshad proven to be depressingly normal so モンクレール レディース far.
"I'd consider it my duty," canada goose jackets on sale he said. "I'd be proud. It would make me feelsafer."Easy for him to say.
Vanessa didn't womens nike air max like me talking about this stuff, but she was too smartabout it for me to Moncler Outlet Online stay away nike shoes from the subject for long. We'd get togetherall the time, and nike mercurial soccer cleats talk about the weather and school and stuff, and then,somehow, I'd Moncler Outlet be back on this subject. Cheap Nike Air Huarache Vanessa was cool when ithappened — she didn't Hulk out on me again — Nike Polo Sale but I could see it upsether.
Still.
"So my dad says, 'I'd nike jordan shoes consider it my Mens Nike Air Max duty.' Can nike sportschuhe you freaking believe it? Imean, God! I almost told him then about Pandora Store going to jail, asking him if hethought that was our Air max levně 'duty'!"We were sitting Adidas Yeezy Boost 350 For Sale in the grass in Dolores Park after school, watching thedogs chase frisbees.
106Van had ジョーダン スニーカー stopped at home and changed into an old t-shirt for Nike Shox Cheap one ofher favorite Brazilian Moncler Sale tecno-brega bands, New Nike Shoes Carioca Ray Ban Sunglasses Cheap Proibid?o Hugo Boss Sale — the Adidas Originals Superstar forbid-den guy from Rio. She'd gotten the shirt Pandora Style Beads at a live show we'd all Nike Air Max Cheap gone totwo years before, sneaking out for a grand adventure down ugg factory outlet at the CowPalace, and she'd sprouted an inch or Michael Kors Outlet two Louboutin Wedding Shoes since, so it was tight cheap uggs and rodeup Pandora Store Sale her tummy, showing UGGS Outlet her flat little belly button.
She lay Nike Huarache Womens Cheap back in the weak sun with her eyes closed behind her Nike Air Shoes shades,her toes Cheap Michael Kors Handbags wiggling in her ugg store flip-flops. I'd known Van since forever, andwhen I thought of her, I usually saw nike tn pas cher the Chaussure Nike Air Max Pas Cher little kid I'd known with hun-dreds of jangly Nike Shoes Sale Store bracelets Air Nike made Nike Roshe Run out of sliced-up soda cans, who playedthe piano and Jordan Sneakers For Sale couldn't dance Nike Air Sneakers to save her life. Sitting out there in DoloresPark, I suddenly saw her as Nike Online Store she was.
She was totally h4wt — that is to say, hot. It Portafoglio michael kors was like looking at zapatos de futbol nike thatpicture of a vase and noticing that Canada Goose Online Store it was also Ugg Outlet Online Store two faces. I Ugg Pas Cher En France could see thatVan was botas de futbol just Van, nike sneakers but Nike Soccer Cleats Boots I could also see that she was hella pretty,something I'd air force one pas cher never noticed.
Of pandora jewelry store course, Darryl had Ugg boots Sale known Pandora Store it Air Jordan Retro Sale all Toms Factory Outlet along, and don't think that nike schuhe günstig I wasn'tbummed out anew asics sko when I realized TOMS SHOES OUTLET this.
"You can't tell your dad, you know," she said. "You'd put Stone Island Outlet us all at risk."Her louboutin heels eyes were closed and her chest was rising pandora outlet store up 23 IS BACK Store and down with herbreath, which was Moncler Jackets Discount Marketplace distracting in a really embarrassing adidas schoenen way.

HYst 2017.8.22

jianbin0816

JIANBIN0816
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin outlet
adidas wings
kate spade handbags
mbt shoes
michael kors outlet
mbt shoes outlet
coach outlet online
kevin durant shoes
michael kors outlet online
michael kors outlet
kobe 9
canada goose outlet
tory burch outlet
fitflops shoes
ugg outlet
soccer jerseys
swarovski outlet
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
fitflops sale clearance
ugg outlet
oakley sunglasses
mulberry handbags
nike outlet store
los angeles lakers jerseys
ugg boots,ugg boots outlet,ugg boots for women,ugg boots on sale,ugg boots clearance,ugg boots for men,ugg boots for kids,ugg boots clearance sale women,ugg boots clearance outlet
canada goose jackets
mulberry sale
hermes belt
ray ban sunglasses
true religion jeans
birkenstock sandals
mulberry outlet store
ugg outlet
cazal sunglasses
ferragamo outlet
canada goose outlet
ralph lauren polo
coach outlet online
air max 1
cheap jordans
Basketball Shoes
polo outlet
longchamp outlet
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors handbags
christian louboutin online
ralph lauren polo
marc jacobs outlet
burberry outlet
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors wallets
pandora charms
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin shoes
ray ban sunglasses
ugg boots,ugg boots outlet,cheap uggs boots,ugg boots for women,ugg boots on sale,ugg boots clearance,ugg boots clearance sale women,ugg boots clearance outlet,ugg boots for men,ugg boots for kids
cheap oakley sunglasses
ralph lauren outlet
coach outlet online
ugg boots for women,ugg boots,ugg boots outlet,ugg boots on sale,ugg boots clearance,ugg boots for men,ugg boots for kids,ugg boots clearance sale women,ugg boots clearance outlet
ferragamo shoes
ferragamo shoes
ugg outlet,ugg outlet clearance,uggs outlet,ugg outlet online clearance,ugg outlet store,ugg outlet online store,ugg outlet sale,ugg outlet coupons,ugg outlet boots
coach factory outlet
mulberry handbags
bottega veneta outlet
coach outlet
cheap uggs outlet,cheap uggs for sale,cheap ugg boots,cheap uggs for kids,cheap uggs for women,cheap uggs bailey bow,cheap uggs china,cheap uggs for men,cheap uggs for girls,cheap uggs boots for women
fitflops sale
true religion outlet
mac cosmetics
nike blazer pas cher
ugg outlet
cheap nfl jerseys
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors
lacoste soldes
chrome hearts outlet
air max uk
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
true religion jeans
polo shirts
polo outlet
canada goose jackets
ed hardy clothing
ecco shoes

jianbin0816

JIANBIN0816
oakley sunglasses
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin outlet
adidas wings
kate spade handbags
mbt shoes
michael kors outlet
mbt shoes outlet
coach outlet online
kevin durant shoes
michael kors outlet online
michael kors outlet
kobe 9
canada goose outlet
tory burch outlet
fitflops shoes
ugg outlet
soccer jerseys
swarovski outlet
michael kors outlet
michael kors outlet clearance
fitflops sale clearance
ugg outlet
oakley sunglasses
mulberry handbags
nike outlet store
los angeles lakers jerseys
ugg boots,ugg boots outlet,ugg boots for women,ugg boots on sale,ugg boots clearance,ugg boots for men,ugg boots for kids,ugg boots clearance sale women,ugg boots clearance outlet
canada goose jackets
mulberry sale
hermes belt
ray ban sunglasses
true religion jeans
birkenstock sandals
mulberry outlet store
ugg outlet
cazal sunglasses
ferragamo outlet
canada goose outlet
ralph lauren polo
coach outlet online
air max 1
cheap jordans
Basketball Shoes
polo outlet
longchamp outlet
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors handbags
christian louboutin online
ralph lauren polo
marc jacobs outlet
burberry outlet
ray ban sunglasses
michael kors wallets
pandora charms
oakley sunglasses
christian louboutin shoes
ray ban sunglasses
ugg boots,ugg boots outlet,cheap uggs boots,ugg boots for women,ugg boots on sale,ugg boots clearance,ugg boots clearance sale women,ugg boots clearance outlet,ugg boots for men,ugg boots for kids
cheap oakley sunglasses
ralph lauren outlet
coach outlet online
ugg boots for women,ugg boots,ugg boots outlet,ugg boots on sale,ugg boots clearance,ugg boots for men,ugg boots for kids,ugg boots clearance sale women,ugg boots clearance outlet
ferragamo shoes
ferragamo shoes
ugg outlet,ugg outlet clearance,uggs outlet,ugg outlet online clearance,ugg outlet store,ugg outlet online store,ugg outlet sale,ugg outlet coupons,ugg outlet boots
coach factory outlet
mulberry handbags
bottega veneta outlet
coach outlet
cheap uggs outlet,cheap uggs for sale,cheap ugg boots,cheap uggs for kids,cheap uggs for women,cheap uggs bailey bow,cheap uggs china,cheap uggs for men,cheap uggs for girls,cheap uggs boots for women
fitflops sale
true religion outlet
mac cosmetics
nike blazer pas cher
ugg outlet
cheap nfl jerseys
christian louboutin outlet
michael kors
lacoste soldes
chrome hearts outlet
air max uk
michael kors outlet
oakley sunglasses
true religion jeans
polo shirts
polo outlet
canada goose jackets
ed hardy clothing
ecco shoes

---------歡迎發表回應 以促進公共議題討論---------
惟與討論主題無關或惡意人身攻擊的回應,本版保留刪除權利