法律的可笑與尊嚴

林佳和
政治大學法學院助理教授

即使在先進國家,也不乏腦袋怪異的民代,通過可笑法律:美國羅德島某市議會自治條例說,週日不可賣給同一顧客牙膏及牙刷,亞歷桑納州法律明定,同一屋簷下不得使用兩個以上假陽具,保護少女念念在茲的印第安那州,如同車未滿17歲女孩沒穿鞋、沒穿襪,年滿18歲的男駕駛視為性侵未成年人的現行犯,可立馬逮捕,夏威夷不但禁止將銅板塞入耳朵,伊利諾更不准人民在火災時吃東西。文明歐洲也不遑多讓:2000年9月,法國拉凡度自治法規說,尚未找到墓地者,不准死亡。

台灣法律或許沒有那麼戲劇化,但立法院袞袞諸公的荒誕與脫離民意,傷害社會,卻不見得比較不好笑。民間發起的憲法133實踐聯盟,落實憲法之罷免權,直指荒腔走板立委,擺脫「身為國家主人的人民,事實上每四年才藉投票而行使一次性主權」的民主困境,意義自然非凡。

俄國十月革命領導者列寧曾說:什麼是憲法?一張上面寫著人民權利的白紙罷了。憑什麼說,這些權利實際上也受真正保障呢?答案是:每一階級意識到並有貫徹這些權利的決心。在列寧眼中,只要法律與現實不符,憲法就是虛假。面對國家機器,不論是行政或立法,人民必須找出有效監督、形成、乃至反制、對抗的方法,就像近日熱門的公民不服從,不論是亨利梭羅的來自個人良心、上帝律法與自然法,自由主義羅爾斯與德沃金的本於憲法正義原則,還是當作後民主時代民主培力或基進民主形式,不管認識與理解為何,總要尋找出因應之道。法律的尊嚴,來自於人民的決心。

憲法133實踐聯盟聚焦罷免權,只是開始,如果功敗垂成,如果被輕忽,憲法明定的權利尚且如此,則其他後民主時代的進步形式就不必多想了。屆時,在台灣陰霾法制天空下,處處可笑又可惡至極的依法行政,訕笑的恐怕是雖然坐擁荒誕法律,但至少可愛而不傷人的其他國家與社會。

回應

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable.
Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning
for you. While you schedule your work, make sure
that you make allowance for cleaning different parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and
furniture. Finally, I think parents and grandparents
need to make it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.

Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and insured so that if
any accident were to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent,
lint free, and best of all reusable. The places
that are found in this lovely area are there for the convenience of the customers.
Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let
go. You can also keep containers of various colors and sizes in different rooms.
Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because contact with
the business is more real. Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for you.
Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know
about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional
chemical products can be enormous. There is no limit on what you earn - Once
you have made a good base of clients, you will see that you
can earn as much as you want. To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let
go. This lets them know how they have done and it helps them to improve their cleaning.

Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services
are bonded and insured so that if any accident were
to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
This lets them know how they have done and it helps
them to improve their cleaning. Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are
bonded and insured so that if any accident were to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Before you start calling properties and getting estimates,
you may need to find out what you need cleaned. This lets them know how they have done and it helps them
to improve their cleaning. Equipment should also be serviced on a
weekly basis to make them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to your customers.
Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to make it
clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is
a personal health issue. These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over time will add up to hundreds of dollars in savings on floor products, especially if
you have many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let go.

This lets them know how they have done and it helps them to improve their cleaning.

You don't want to be inhaling dust or preparing food on dirty, contaminated surfaces.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free,
and best of all reusable. It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive
and helps cut back on the use of expensive chemicals. To begin with,
you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

Also visit my website شركة عزل خزانات بالرياض (tradeshowmover.com)

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Before you start calling properties and getting estimates, you may need
to find out what you need cleaned. Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising children, and
sometimes housework suffers as a result. To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use 100% biodegradable and green products.
Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for you.
To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable.
Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to
raising children, and sometimes housework suffers as a result.

These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over time will add
up to hundreds of dollars in savings on floor products, especially
if you have many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe
down woodwork and furniture. There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have
made a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as
you want. Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use 100% biodegradable and green products.
Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising children, and sometimes housework suffers as a result.
Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment home or a studio,
your place will get dirty.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs,
very absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable.
When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.
These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over time will add up to hundreds of dollars in savings on floor products, especially if you have
many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to your customers.

You can also keep containers of various colors and sizes in different rooms.
Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and insured so that
if any accident were to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free,
and best of all reusable. The places that are found in this lovely area are there for the convenience of
the customers. Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment
home or a studio, your place will get dirty.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs,
very absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable. This lets them
know how they have done and it helps them to improve their cleaning.
While you schedule your work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning
different parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

You can choose your own timings and above all, you can choose how much work
you want to take up. When apartments get the unit "make ready"
for the next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.

There are a couple of excellent e-courses available that give a lot
of really valuable information on how to structure your business,where and how to get clients, how to calculate prices, what equipment and supplies are needed etc, and in my opinion are well worth the $30 or
$40 they cost.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs,
very absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable. There is no limit on what you earn -
Once you have made a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as you want.
Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment home or a studio, your place will get dirty.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products
can be enormous. Now that you have a set of
questions to work with, its time to start contacting companies and get a few estimates.
To begin with, you would need an office, some people who
will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles
use 100% biodegradable and green products. When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant,
they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this. Of course,
you don't want to be doing something every minute of the day, so
take some time to relax too.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free, and best of
all reusable. It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive
and helps cut back on the use of expensive chemicals.
Of course, you don't want to be doing something every minute of the day,
so take some time to relax too.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning
one room top to bottom then moving onto the next on cleaning day, pull out one cleaning supply and use it everywhere you need to
in your home. This lets them know how they have done and it helps
them to improve their cleaning. Most of the companies that
offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and insured so that if any accident were to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

Check out my blog; شركة تنظيف فلل بالرياض (Lorna)

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more
than online ventures because contact with the business is more
real. You can also keep containers of various colors and sizes in different rooms.
Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know
about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let
go. Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising
children, and sometimes housework suffers as a result.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because contact with the business is more real.
Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for you.
To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will
clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Before you start calling properties and getting estimates,
you may need to find out what you need cleaned. Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for you.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis
to make them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because contact with the business is
more real. Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to
make it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health
issue. These mops can be a bit pricey initially,
but over time will add up to hundreds of dollars in savings
on floor products, especially if you have many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and furniture.
Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising children,
and sometimes housework suffers as a result. Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services
are bonded and insured so that if any accident were to happen they will
take full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning one
room top to bottom then moving onto the next on cleaning day, pull out one cleaning supply and use it everywhere
you need to in your home. Now that you have a set of questions to work with,
its time to start contacting companies and get a few estimates.
Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment home or a
studio, your place will get dirty.

Also visit my web site ... شركة العطار

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use 100% biodegradable and green products.
There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have made
a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as you want.
Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and insured so that if any accident were to
happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy
response to your customers. You can also keep containers of various colors and sizes in different
rooms. Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

You can choose your own timings and above
all, you can choose how much work you want to take up.
This lets them know how they have done and it helps
them to improve their cleaning. To begin with, you would need
an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let
go. There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have made a good base of clients,
you will see that you can earn as much as you want. You
don't want to be inhaling dust or preparing food on dirty, contaminated
surfaces.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let go.
When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next
tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to
complete this. Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning one room top to bottom then moving onto the next on cleaning day, pull
out one cleaning supply and use it everywhere you
need to in your home. When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.
Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment home or a
studio, your place will get dirty.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to
your customers. Now that you have a set of questions to work with, its time to start contacting
companies and get a few estimates. While you schedule your work, make sure that you make
allowance for cleaning different parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to your customers.
The places that are found in this lovely area are there for
the convenience of the customers. While you schedule your
work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning different parts of
the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and
furniture. When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the
next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.
While you schedule your work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning different parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and furniture.
The places that are found in this lovely area are there for the convenience of the customers.
There are a couple of excellent e-courses available
that give a lot of really valuable information on how to structure your business,where and how to get clients, how to calculate prices, what equipment and supplies are needed etc, and in my
opinion are well worth the $30 or $40 they cost.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

You can choose your own timings and above all, you can choose
how much work you want to take up. Finally,
I think parents and grandparents need to make it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.

To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also
some cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

You can choose your own timings and above all, you can choose how much work you want to take up.
Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for
you. These mops can be a bit pricey initially,
but over time will add up to hundreds of dollars in savings
on floor products, especially if you have many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone
to enable easy response to your customers. Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising
children, and sometimes housework suffers as a result.
To begin with, you would need an office, some
people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Before you start calling properties and getting estimates, you
may need to find out what you need cleaned.
It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive and helps cut back
on the use of expensive chemicals. These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over time will add up to hundreds
of dollars in savings on floor products, especially if you have many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to your
customers. Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising
children, and sometimes housework suffers as a result.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly
basis to make them more efficient.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning one room top to bottom then moving onto the
next on cleaning day, pull out one cleaning supply and use it
everywhere you need to in your home. There is no limit on what you earn -
Once you have made a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as you want.
Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to
know about.

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