法律的可笑與尊嚴

林佳和
政治大學法學院助理教授

即使在先進國家,也不乏腦袋怪異的民代,通過可笑法律:美國羅德島某市議會自治條例說,週日不可賣給同一顧客牙膏及牙刷,亞歷桑納州法律明定,同一屋簷下不得使用兩個以上假陽具,保護少女念念在茲的印第安那州,如同車未滿17歲女孩沒穿鞋、沒穿襪,年滿18歲的男駕駛視為性侵未成年人的現行犯,可立馬逮捕,夏威夷不但禁止將銅板塞入耳朵,伊利諾更不准人民在火災時吃東西。文明歐洲也不遑多讓:2000年9月,法國拉凡度自治法規說,尚未找到墓地者,不准死亡。

台灣法律或許沒有那麼戲劇化,但立法院袞袞諸公的荒誕與脫離民意,傷害社會,卻不見得比較不好笑。民間發起的憲法133實踐聯盟,落實憲法之罷免權,直指荒腔走板立委,擺脫「身為國家主人的人民,事實上每四年才藉投票而行使一次性主權」的民主困境,意義自然非凡。

俄國十月革命領導者列寧曾說:什麼是憲法?一張上面寫著人民權利的白紙罷了。憑什麼說,這些權利實際上也受真正保障呢?答案是:每一階級意識到並有貫徹這些權利的決心。在列寧眼中,只要法律與現實不符,憲法就是虛假。面對國家機器,不論是行政或立法,人民必須找出有效監督、形成、乃至反制、對抗的方法,就像近日熱門的公民不服從,不論是亨利梭羅的來自個人良心、上帝律法與自然法,自由主義羅爾斯與德沃金的本於憲法正義原則,還是當作後民主時代民主培力或基進民主形式,不管認識與理解為何,總要尋找出因應之道。法律的尊嚴,來自於人民的決心。

憲法133實踐聯盟聚焦罷免權,只是開始,如果功敗垂成,如果被輕忽,憲法明定的權利尚且如此,則其他後民主時代的進步形式就不必多想了。屆時,在台灣陰霾法制天空下,處處可笑又可惡至極的依法行政,訕笑的恐怕是雖然坐擁荒誕法律,但至少可愛而不傷人的其他國家與社會。

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use
100% biodegradable and green products. Finally, I think parents and grandparents
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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

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go. The places that are found in this lovely area are there
for the convenience of the customers. There are a couple of excellent
e-courses available that give a lot of really valuable
information on how to structure your business,where and how to get clients, how to calculate prices,
what equipment and supplies are needed etc, and in my opinion are well worth the
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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.

It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive and helps cut back on the use of
expensive chemicals. Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let go.
Now that you have a set of questions to work with, its time
to start contacting companies and get a few estimates.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

You can choose your own timings and above all, you can choose how much work you want to take up.
Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning
for you. While you schedule your work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning different
parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical
products can be enormous. Finally, I think parents and grandparents
need to make it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.
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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use
100% biodegradable and green products. This lets them know how
they have done and it helps them to improve their cleaning.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable.
There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have made
a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as you want.
There are a couple of excellent e-courses available that give a lot of
really valuable information on how to structure your business,where and how to get clients, how to calculate prices, what equipment and supplies are needed etc, and in my opinion are well worth the $30 or $40 they cost.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused
by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive and helps cut back on the use
of expensive chemicals. Of course, you don't want to be doing something every minute of the day, so take some
time to relax too.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to your
customers. Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to
make it clear to students that keeping the apartment
clean is a personal health issue. Is there
anything special that the cleaning service needs to know
about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products
can be enormous. This lets them know how they have done and it helps them to improve their cleaning.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make
them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be
enormous. The places that are found in this lovely area are there for the convenience of the
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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to
your customers. Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to make it clear to students
that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.
Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more
than online ventures because contact with the business is more real.
The places that are found in this lovely area are there for
the convenience of the customers. You don't want to be inhaling dust or preparing food on dirty, contaminated surfaces.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because
contact with the business is more real. When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.
While you schedule your work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning different parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures
because contact with the business is more real. The places that
are found in this lovely area are there for the convenience of the customers.
Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment home or a studio, your place will
get dirty.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Before you start calling properties and getting estimates, you may need
to find out what you need cleaned. When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant,
they usually employ a cleaning service to complete
this. Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces
more than online ventures because contact with the business is more real.

Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for
you. Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make
them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Before you start calling properties and getting estimates,
you may need to find out what you need cleaned.
Will you need the cleaning service to do a thorough cleaning for you.
Of course, you don't want to be doing something every minute of
the day, so take some time to relax too.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very
absorbent, lint free, and best of all reusable.

Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to make
it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more
efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning one room
top to bottom then moving onto the next on cleaning day, pull
out one cleaning supply and use it everywhere you need to
in your home. It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive
and helps cut back on the use of expensive chemicals.
You don't want to be inhaling dust or preparing food on dirty, contaminated surfaces.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and furniture.
Many mothers today work outside the home in addition to raising children, and sometimes housework suffers as a result.
These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over time will add up to hundreds of
dollars in savings on floor products, especially
if you have many types of flooring.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let go.
This lets them know how they have done and it helps them to improve
their cleaning. Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are
bonded and insured so that if any accident were to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use
100% biodegradable and green products. You can also keep containers of various colors and sizes in different rooms.
These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over time will
add up to hundreds of dollars in savings on floor products, especially if you have
many types of flooring.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and furniture.
Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to make it
clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal
health issue. While you schedule your work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning different parts of the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

If you have the tendency to horde things, you will have to learn let
go. The places that are found in this lovely area are there
for the convenience of the customers. These mops can be a bit pricey initially, but over
time will add up to hundreds of dollars in savings on floor products, especially if you have many types of flooring.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.

Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive and helps
cut back on the use of expensive chemicals. Is there anything special that the cleaning
service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and
furniture. There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have made a good
base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as you want.

Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and
insured so that if any accident were to happen they will take
full responsibility for the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures
because contact with the business is more real.

Now that you have a set of questions to work with, its time
to start contacting companies and get a few estimates. To begin with,
you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some
cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have made
a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as
much as you want. There are a couple of excellent e-courses available that give
a lot of really valuable information on how to structure your business,where and how
to get clients, how to calculate prices, what equipment and
supplies are needed etc, and in my opinion are well worth the $30 or $40 they cost.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork
and furniture. You can also keep containers of various colors
and sizes in different rooms. Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because contact with the business
is more real. It is an extremely versatile product
that is inexpensive and helps cut back on the use of
expensive chemicals. To begin with, you would need
an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because contact with the business is more real.
It is an extremely versatile product that is inexpensive and helps cut back on the use of expensive chemicals.
While you schedule your work, make sure that you make allowance for cleaning different parts of
the house on different days.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Another must-have piece of equipment is a cell phone to enable easy response to your customers.
Finally, I think parents and grandparents need to
make it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.

Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and
insured so that if any accident were to happen they will take
full responsibility for the replacement.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning one room
top to bottom then moving onto the next
on cleaning day, pull out one cleaning supply and use it everywhere you need to in your home.
Now that you have a set of questions to work with,
its time to start contacting companies and get a few estimates.

Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and insured so that if
any accident were to happen they will take full responsibility for the replacement.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent,
lint free, and best of all reusable. It is an extremely versatile product
that is inexpensive and helps cut back on the use of expensive
chemicals. Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to make them more efficient.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Apply it to a soft cloth and use it to wipe down woodwork and furniture.

This lets them know how they have done and it helps them
to improve their cleaning. To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning equipments.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

4) One Cleaning Supply at a Time - Instead of cleaning one room top to bottom then moving onto the next on cleaning day, pull out one cleaning supply and use
it everywhere you need to in your home. Finally,
I think parents and grandparents need to make it clear to
students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.

You don't want to be inhaling dust or preparing food on dirty, contaminated surfaces.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free,
and best of all reusable. Now that you have a set of questions to work with, its time to start contacting companies and get
a few estimates. Of course, you don't want to be doing something every minute of the day,
so take some time to relax too.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Remember that people trust real address workplaces more than online ventures because contact with the
business is more real. Now that you have a set of questions to work with, its time to start contacting companies and get a few estimates.
Most of the companies that offer apartment cleaning services are bonded and insured so that if any accident were
to happen they will take full responsibility for
the replacement.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These same apartment cleaning services Los Angeles use 100% biodegradable and
green products. The places that are found in this lovely area are there for the convenience of
the customers. Is there anything special that the cleaning service needs to know about.

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent, lint free,
and best of all reusable. Finally, I think parents and grandparents
need to make it clear to students that keeping the apartment clean is a personal health issue.

There are a couple of excellent e-courses available that give a lot of really
valuable information on how to structure your business,where and how
to get clients, how to calculate prices, what equipment and supplies are needed etc, and in my opinion are well worth the $30 or $40 they cost.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.

You can also keep containers of various colors and sizes in different rooms.
There are a couple of excellent e-courses available that give a lot of
really valuable information on how to structure your business,where and
how to get clients, how to calculate prices, what equipment and supplies are needed etc, and
in my opinion are well worth the $30 or $40 they cost.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent,
lint free, and best of all reusable. The places that are found
in this lovely area are there for the convenience of the customers.
Regardless of whether you have a 3 bedroom apartment home or a studio, your place will get dirty.

my webpage; شركة رش مبيدات بالرياض (shehab-jeddah.com)

預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

Actually, the problems that can be caused by traditional chemical products can be enormous.
There is no limit on what you earn - Once you have
made a good base of clients, you will see that you can earn as much as you want.
To begin with, you would need an office, some people who will clean the apartments and also some cleaning
equipments.

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預覽回應 | Taipei Society - 澄社

These are the right size for most cleaning jobs, very absorbent,
lint free, and best of all reusable. When apartments get the unit "make ready" for the next tenant, they usually employ a cleaning service to complete this.
Equipment should also be serviced on a weekly basis to
make them more efficient.

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