正常國會須自律,絕非自肥

顧忠華/公民監督國會聯盟理事長

台灣的國會曾經在戒嚴體制下,經歷過很長的「非常」時期,不但造成貽笑國際的「萬年國會」怪現象,在功能上也淪為行政部門的「立法局」,完全無法發揮監督和制衡的基本職能。

這些「非常」狀態在一波波的改革努力下,逐漸撥亂反正,恢復了國會在民主政治中應有的角色。不過,由於台灣政治形勢的變化十分快速,2000年政黨輪替之後,國會成為朝野對抗的主要「戰場」,使得較為敏感的法案,如軍購案、不當黨產案,皆在程序委員會便受到阻擋,甚至今年的政府預算也被擱置長達半年,才獲得放行。前一陣子還發生國會行使大法官同意權時,因為在野黨採取技術性杯葛,只派出黨團幹部進場投票,以致被貼上「深綠」標籤的大法官人選全數未通過,再一次淪為朝野惡鬥的「祭品」。如此的抗爭模式固然滿足了在野黨展現政治實力的意圖,但是對於民眾而言,這亦反映出我們的國會不能理性審議各種公共議題,好像小孩般意氣用事,讓民眾對於國會的信任度更形低落。

最近更有媒體報導,在席次減半之後,下一年度的立法院預算,竟然並沒有相應的減少許多,這也使人產生合理的懷疑,擔心新一屆的立法委員還沒有上任,就準備享受更多的福利,同時坐擁加倍的權力,一個個都成為「國會新貴」,趾高氣揚、不可一世。事實上,當初為什麼有七成民意贊成席次減半,主要理由乃是想挫挫立法部門的威風,迫使其在「民意」之前低頭。沒想到實際的後果卻正好相反,台灣未來國會的表現,似乎不見得可以全面「正常化」,發揮監督國會團體期待的陽光、文明、透明、公益、效能等等特色,反而很有可能將起碼的「自律」規範棄置不顧,先大剌剌地「自肥」一番。

因此,在本屆國會的最後一個會期中,我們希望各黨團及所有立委們能夠認真體會民心向背,除了在制度面建立起新的運作規則,強化委員會在議事及決策上的功能,並且研擬職權行使的文明準則之外,在預算上也應該嚴格把關,不能「寬以律己、嚴以待人」。長期濫用兩套標準的惡果,是國會的形象始終無法提昇,而這也是民主政治的最大諷刺,宜戒之、慎之。

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